Dangerous Teen Party Drink “Sizzurp” Can Have Deadly Consequences
If you haven’t heard of “sizzurp,” your teen most likely has. It’s also referred to as “purple drank,” “syrup,” or “lean” — as in it will make you lean over. While the drink has been around for a while, it has gained popularity in the last year or so, according to Cincinnati Children’s Drug and Poison Information Center. This can likely be attributed to the glamorization of it in songs, rap videos, and postings on social media sites. Sizzurp is a drink which is popular with the teen crowd and consumed at parties to get high. While “sizzurp” may sound and look innocent, experts warn it is anything but. The drink contains a potentially fatal concoction of prescription cough syrup containing promethazine with codeine, a mixing agent (typically a fruit-flavored soda), and a piece of candy dropped in for flavoring and color.
Codeine, in the same family of drugs as morphine, is classified as a narcotic controlled substance and has the potential to be addictive. It is used for pain relief and cough suppressing properties. Promethazine has sedative properties and is prescribed to help with nausea, vomiting, motion sickness and pain. When used recreationally, promethazine can slow down the central nervous and respiratory systems, affect the heart and cause seizures. When used together, the mixture can cause significant central nervous system and respiratory depression, stop the heart and lungs from working and is potentially fatal.
More Than 10,000 Toddlers Get ADHD Medication Outside Guidelines
A new government study finds more than 10,000 toddlers in the United States are receiving medication for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) outside established guidelines. The report found children covered by Medicaid are most likely to receive drugs such as Ritalin or Adderall. The American Academy of Pediatrics does not have guidelines for use of ADHD medications in children ages 3 and younger, because their safety and effectiveness in that age group has not been established, The New York Times reported. Adderall is the only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating children below age 6 for ADHD. A study published in 2012 found use of drugs for ADHD in children jumped 46 percent from 2002 to 2010. Ritalin was the top drug prescribed for teenagers, with more than four million prescriptions filled in 2010.
RePEATED USE OF DRUGS--LONG TERM EFFECTS
Although the initial decision to take drugs almost always is voluntary, research shows repeated use becomes difficult to control. Justin Lusk, 29, of Shelby, Ohio got hooked on painkillers during his junior year at Shelby High School. He suffered an injured knee and ankle, and his doctor prescribed Percocet. “From there, I was hooked,” he said. “It just progressed. I got so used to having them (drugs). When I woke up, I felt like I had to have them.” Scans show addicts’ brains look different than healthy brains in areas that control judgment, decision making, learning, memory and behavior control. It frequently takes months or even years for brain function to recover, Lander said. “It’s like taking a two by four and whacking yourself in the head,” Lander said. Individuals whose parents or close relatives were addicts, those diagnosed with mental health issues, individuals who start using substances as teenagers and men are more susceptible to addiction, research shows. However, that’s not an exhaustive or exclusive list. Relapse rates among addicts — 40 percent to 60 percent — are similar to those for other chronic diseases such as Type I Diabetes — 30 percent to 50 percent — and asthma — 50 percent to 70 percent, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. “Drug addiction should be treated like any other chronic illness with relapse serving as a trigger for renewed intervention,” the institute prescribes. But when an addict relapses, it’s frequently viewed as weakness rather than a typical symptom of a disease. People rarely chastise individuals hospitalized for lung cancer caused by smoking or diabetes caused by overeating, but addiction is less accepted, said Steve Pasierb, CEO and president of the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. “People make stupid decisions. Society has always dealt with the health impacts of that,” Pasierb said.